Welcome to Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Valmiki National Park, also known as Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the West Champaran district of the Indian state of Bihar. It is one of the oldest and most renowned wildlife sanctuaries in Bihar. While it is not officially designated as a tiger reserve, it is home to various wildlife species, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and several species of deer and birds. The park is also a haven for birdwatchers, with over 250 species of birds recorded in the area. The park was established in 1976 and was later declared a Tiger Reserve in 1990. It is also one of the few tiger reserves in the Indian state of Bihar.

Tourism at Valmiki Tiger Reserve 

We simplify tourism services at Valmiki Tiger Reserve. We book available services like Jeep safari, Canter Safari, Motorboat Safari, Kouleshwar Jhula, Gandak Barrage sighting and accommodation reservation at the forest rest houses of Valmiki National Park.  The park boasts a diverse range of vegetation, including tropical wet deciduous forests, grasslands, and riverine forests along the banks of the Gandak River. The diverse flora provides habitat and sustenance for the park's wildlife.

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History of Valmiki Tiger Reserve

Valmiki Tiger Reserve, formerly known as Valmiki National Park, has a history closely tied to its conservation efforts and its transformation into a tiger reserve. It was established in 1976 in the West Champaran district of Bihar, India. It was initially created to protect the diverse flora and fauna of the region, which includes the Bengal tiger and other endangered species. In 1990, Valmiki National Park was declared a Tiger Reserve under the Project Tiger initiative, which aimed to protect and conserve India's dwindling tiger population. This recognition was a significant step in ensuring the conservation of the Bengal tiger in this region.

elephant safari

Geographical Details about the Valmiki

Valmiki Tiger Reserve situated in the West Champaran district of the Indian state of Bihar, is characterized by its diverse geographical features. Here are some geographical details about the Valmiki Tiger Reserve:

Location: Valmiki Tiger Reserve is located in the northwestern part of Bihar, near the border with Nepal. It is situated in the Gangetic Plains region of India.

Size: The reserve covers an extensive area of approximately 898.45 square kilometers (347 square miles), making it one of the larger tiger reserves in India.

Rivers: The Gandak River flows through the reserve, and its tributaries create a network of water bodies, contributing to the rich biodiversity of the park. Riverine forests are found along the banks of these waterways.

Vegetation: The reserve boasts a variety of vegetation types, including tropical wet deciduous forests, grasslands, savannas, and riverine forests. Sal trees dominate the forests, but the region also features species like teak, bamboo, semal, and khair. The diverse flora supports a wide range of wildlife.

Climate: Valmiki Tiger Reserve experiences a subtropical climate. It has hot summers, a monsoon season, and cool winters. The best time to visit the reserve for wildlife viewing is during the winter months when the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more common.

Things to do in Valmiki


Jeep Safari in Valmiki

Knowing the inner of a dense and deep wild forest always attracts freaking adventure and therefore the feel-good factor for all tourists.


Valmiki Ashram

The Park is also famous for its association with the ancient Valmiki Ashram, where the sage Valmiki is said to have composed the epic Ramayana.


Valmiki Nagar Bird Sanctuary

This bird sanctuary within the national park is a haven for birdwatchers. It is home to a variety of bird species.


Kumar Sarovar

It is a scenic lake within the park where you can enjoy boating and picnic. The surrounding area is rich in biodiversity making it a beautiful spot for nature lovers.

Road Distance from Valmiki to following Cities

  • 1. Patna to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 275 kilometre
  • 2. Muzzaffarpur to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 200 kilometre
  • 3. Bettiah to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 70 kilometre
  • 4. Gorakhpur to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 125 kilometre
  • 5. Delhi to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 860 kilometre
  • 6. Gaya to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 410 kilometre
  • 7. Lucknow to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 410 kilometre
  • 8. Kolkata to Valmiki Tiger Reserve - 810 kilometre m
  • 9. Varanasi to Valmiki Tiger Reserve – 326 kilometre
  • 10. Guwahati to Valmiki Tiger Reserve – 1085 kilometre

Geographical Detail about the Park

    • 1. Total forest Area – 898 square Kilometres
    • 2. Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests - Sal, Asan, Karma, Semal, etc
    • 3. River - Gandak, Pandai, Manor, Harha, Masan and Bhapsa
    • 4. Grasslands - Sarkanda, Elephant grass, etc.
    • 5. Riverine Forests - Khair, Sissoo, Eucalyptus, etc

Frequently Asked Questions

Ans: The Valmiki National Park is a tiger reserve in the West Champaran district of Bihar. This reserve surrounds the Gangetic plains biogeographic zone. The park is home to nearly 200+ bird species and various exotic and endangered animals, making it an ideal tourist spot.

Ans: Valmiki Tiger Reserve is located in the foothills of Himalayas on the north-west corner of Bihar, spread over Northern part of the West Champaran district. The terrain is undulating with a rich soil. Rivers Gandak, Pandai, Manor, Harha, Masan and Bhapsa flow through various parts of the reserve.

Ans: The Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR), the only national park in Bihar's West Champaran district, has recorded a 75 per cent increase in tiger count - from 31 in 2018 to 54 in 2022.

Ans: Dhangar comprises four tribes: Oraon, Munda, Lohra and Bhuiya. The Dhangars were brought to area as agriculture labourers from the Chhotanagpur Hills. Each Dhangar tribe has its own dialect and they observe their traditional festival

Ans: Valmiki Tiger Reserve is located at West Champaran, Bihar. Valmiki Tiger Reserve forms the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests in India and is the only tiger reserve of Bihar. Valmiki Tiger Reserve lies in the north-western (mostly in the West Champaran) district of Bihar.

Ans: The Valmiki Tiger Reserve is the only tiger reserve in Bihar, which forms the easternmost extent of the Himalayan Terai forests in India. Situated in the Gangetic plains bio-geographic region, the vegetation of this Tiger Reserve is a combination of Bhabar and Terai regions.

Ans: The average annual temperature is 23.9 °C | 75.1 °F in Valmikinagar. About 1832 mm | 72.1 inch of precipitation falls annually.

Ans: Total forest Area – 898 square Kilometres



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