Bihar holds significant tourism prospects, thanks to its rich historical heritage. The state's history is among the most diverse in India, with Magadha (modern-day Bihar) serving as the center for major dynasties such as the Pala, Maurya, and Gupta. Notably, Bihar is the birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism, two religions with global followings. The state boasts eight recognized tourism circuits: the Buddhist Circuit, Gandhi Circuit, Eco Circuit, Jain Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Sufi Circuit, Sikh Circuit, and Shiv Circuit. Each circuit offers unique experiences that highlight Bihar's cultural and historical diversity.

Bihar Eco-Tourism Circuit

Bihar's abundant natural beauty and wildlife make it a key destination for eco-tourism. The Eco-Circuit offers an opportunity to witness the region's wild cats and other natural wonders. This circuit includes visits to some of Bihar's most pristine and untouched natural sites, promoting responsible tourism. Additionally, the tour aims to educate visitors about the ecological fragility of these areas, the local communities, and ongoing conservation efforts.

Ghora Katora, Nalanda - Ghora Katora Lake, a serene spot near Rajgir, is steeped in history and mythology. According to legend, the horses of Rajgir's kings once drank from this lake, which is shaped like a horse and surrounded by mountains on three sides. Located near the World Peace Pagoda, this picturesque lake is accessible by horse carts, tongas, and bicycles, making it an ideal destination for a relaxing trip. Visitors can enjoy boating amidst the tranquil setting, with the only sounds being the wind and water. In Hindu mythology, the lake is linked to King Jarasandha from the Mahabharata, who is said to have had his stables here, hence the name Ghora Katora.

Valmiki Tiger Reserve, West Champaran - Valmiki Tiger Reserve, located in the West Champaran district of Bihar, sits at the easternmost edge of India's Himalayan Terai forest. The district's name originates from the words "Champa" and "Aranya," meaning "forest of Champa trees." This reserve is Bihar's sole tiger sanctuary. Positioned in the Gangetic plains within the country's bio-geographic zone, the forest features a mix of bhabar and terai vegetation. Tourists can conduct Valmiki online safari booking to explore the flora and fauna of the tiger reserve. 

Barabar Caves, Jehanabad - Barabar Hills is one of the most renowned tourist destinations in Bihar, situated in the Jehanabad district. These hills are home to India's oldest surviving rock-cut caves, dating back to the Mauryan empire and featuring Ashokan inscriptions on their walls. The location encompasses four caves: Karan Chaupar Cave, Sudama Cave, Lomas Rishi Cave, and Vishwakarma Cave.  Three of these caves are clustered together, while one is located separately. As a rare historical site, Barabar Hills has become an international tourist attraction, drawing numerous foreign visitors each year. Historically, these caves have served as religious centres for Jain monks, and records indicate that Gautam Buddha also meditated here. The caves are noted for their unique echo effect, where sounds resonate for up to three minutes.

Bhimbandh Sanctuary, Munger - Located in the southwest of Munger district near Jamui district, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 681.99 square kilometers and is spread across the hilly and undulating terrain of the Kharagpur Hills. According to the Mahabharata, the sanctuary is named after Bheema, one of the Pandavas, who is said to have built a dam (bandh) in this area. The sanctuary is famous for its warm water springs, which maintain a consistent temperature all year round. Positioned to the south of the Ganges River, at the northern border of the Chota Nagpur Plateau and west of Santhal Pargana, the sanctuary is surrounded by various tourist attractions including Rishi Kund, Sita Kund, Ha-Ha Punch Kumari, Rameshwar Kund, and Kharagpur Lake.

Telhar Kund, Kaimur - Telhar Waterfall, located in the Kaimur district of Bihar, is a notable natural attraction on the Rohtas plateau, near the Durgavati River in Bhabua. The waterfall is approximately 32 km from Bhabua and about 47 km from Mohania. Nearby, visitors can explore the historic Maa Mundeshwari Temple, situated 28 km away, which is one of the oldest and most significant temples in the region. Close to the waterfall is the Karamchat Dam, adding to the scenic beauty of the area. The stunning surroundings make Telhar Waterfall an ideal spot for picnics with family or friends. This popular destination is known for its breathtaking views and ends in the serene Telhar Kund Lake, where tourists often enjoy a refreshing dip.